Rest. At Healthy and Natural World, our mission is to empower people to take control of their own health by providing comprehensive, practical and well researched information. Straining, pulling, or tearing a calf muscle can feel like something has hit the back of your leg with force. 4. WebMD. However, you can use some exercises to improve flexibility and strength in the recovering calf muscle.4. To help quickly heal a pulled or strained calf muscle, it’s important to treat the injury with ice and compression as soon as possible. (Previously edited by Paul Juliano, MD and Matthew Buchanan, MD), FootEducation LLC These calf muscles are called the gastrocnemius and soleus. It may take many more months to regain muscle strength in the calf. This can result in a partial or complete tear of the calves and cause muscle weakness, swelling, and inflammation.3. The function of your calf muscles is to provide mobility to your legs and enable you to freely walk, run, or jump. A calf strain injury usually occurs the mid leg and/or knee within the muscle belly. To prevent bad calf muscle strains and tears, it is very important to warm up before taking part in strenuous activity. You should only start using heat to treat the muscle strain in your calf once the swelling has stopped. Move your foot up and down 20 times. Repeat 3 times a day. Similar pain will be noted with downward ankle motion (ankle plantar flexion), due to the contraction of the torn muscle fibers. There may be visible signs of inflammation and it may even cause disability until the calf heals. You might even hear your calf muscle “pop” when it tears. Both of the muscles in the calves taper at the bottom and join to your Achilles tendon.1. Continue the calf muscle strengthening exercise until the muscles in the back of your leg have fully recovered. Injury to the calf muscle can occur during athletic activities. Patients with calf muscle tears usually describe a sudden, sharp pain on the inside aspect of the calf. For more information, please read my article on how to get rid of muscle soreness. If there is a question as to whether the Achilles tendon is involved, an MRI may be indicated. You may think you’ve just been hit in the leg and potentially hear a “pop.” There is sudden pain at the back of the calf. A torn muscle in the calf describes a serious muscle injury that causes muscle tissue in the back of your leg to tear away from tendons. A torn calf muscle (gastrocnemius) is similar to an Achilles tendon tear or rupture, but occurs higher up in the back of the leg. Tie a knot in the sock, making sure that there is still some flexibility in the sock. A severe calf muscle tear is likened to cracking a whip and can leave a person in great pain having to limp when walking.2. Achilles tendon ruptures involve the actual Achilles tendon with pain located just … Medial gastrocnemius strain – causes. India vs Australia: Umesh Yadav sustained a calf muscle injury during the second Test in Melbourne and has now returned to India for rehabilitation, says an ANI report. Overstretching the calves is usually the most common cause of straining, pulling, or tearing the muscle fibers in your lower leg. Need to push up a steep hill? Effective Treatments for Pulled, Strained or Torn Calf Muscle, Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and Medical Writer. It can be described as a severe form of strain in the muscle fibers that may cause partial or complete tear in the muscles. Repeat 4 times to strengthen your calf muscles. A severe tear in the calf muscle may even prevent you from walking at all.1, All types of calf muscle injuries are graded according to their severity. eMedicineHealth. Umesh Yadav is reportedly out of the Australia tour after suffering a calf muscle injury during the Boxing Day Test in Melbourne. Muscle damage can be in the form of tearing (part or all) of the muscle fibers and the tendons attached to the muscle. Most common and in the 30-50-year-old age range, these injuries can be surprisingly uncomfortable. A calf tear is a very common injury for runners as your calf performs a fast and large contraction when you run. Wrap the ice pack in a thin towel and hold on the calf area at the back of your leg. Stretching of the ankle in an upward direction (dorsiflexion) will produce moderate to severe pain (due to stretching of the torn muscle fibers). The calf muscle group consists of the Gastrocnemius and Soleus muscles. Full recovery takes approximately five to eight weeks. A severe tear in the calf muscle may even prevent you from walking at … Your calf muscles are located at the back of your lower leg and are needed to move your legs when walking, running, or jumping. Place in the microwave and heat on full power for 1-2 minutes. Elevation. Calf muscle tears have similar symptoms and occur by a similar mechanism to Achilles tendon ruptures. Telling signs of a calf strain depend on the severity of the injury. Calf muscle injuries can happen when straining tight leg muscles by accelerating fast or suddenly changing direction. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. A minor calf injury (grade 1) that results in mild pain should heal in 7 to 10 days. If we consider classic Achilles tendon rupture the lower end of Achilles tendon injury, the typical Gastrocnemius tear or calf muscle tear happens to the other or higher end of Achilles tendon. In most instances, initial treatment includes activity modification (limiting muscle-loading activities), wearing a boot (Cam Walker), and using crutches. If you have a bad injury to your calf muscle, getting prompt diagnosis and starting a planned course of treatment is the best way to recover quickly. Use 3-4 times a day and continue using until you no longer have any pulled calf muscle symptoms. You can feel your calf stretching if you outstretch your leg and point your toes to the floor. The most effective home treatments for pulled, strained, or torn calf muscles are plenty of rest and avoiding straining the muscle more. Required fields are marked *. Muscle strain. Find out about the causes, symptoms and available treatments. Topic Overview. You should also have an adequate warm-up routine before exercising or running to help avoid injury to your calves.14. "Podence had a calf injury following a tackle in the second-half of the Manchester United game. The calf muscle may collapse into a lump or ball shape, seen and felt through the skin. Studies have shown an increased rate of healing with the ankle braced in a neutral position (ex. It is a muscle injury and will take a few weeks to resolve," Wolves said. It may also be impossible to flex your foot, and pushing off from your foot when walking could be very painful. Upper calf strains and lower calf strains may also happen if you quickly stop and pivot or turn direction.8, There are also a number of factors that can increase your risk of suffering from a mild to severe calf strain. A calf strain occurs when the calf muscles are over stretched. According to the journal Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, injuries to the calves are very common among sports people. This injury may be more common in individual who have less consistency in physical activity which can lead to loss of strength and flexibility in the muscles, tendons and ligaments thereby increasing the chance of injury. This kind of bad calf muscle injury usually results in swelling, bruising, and a lot of pain. According to Dr. Anthony Saglimbeni, the first 24-72 hours are critical in initial treatment to ensure a speedy recovery. Extend your injured leg back with your heel on the floor as comfortable as possible and step forward with your uninjured leg. BostonSportsMedicine. A sign of a torn calf muscle is similar to that of an Achilles tendon rupture. A gastrocnemius muscle tear is a severe, sudden injury to your calf muscle. Massage techniques can help to decrease swelling and prevent formation of scar tissue. Grade 2 calf strain: There is a partial tear of the affected muscle fibers, so you can't continue the activity. All muscle strains are categorized as either Grade I (tearing of a few muscle fibers), Grade II (more extensive muscle fiber damage) or Grade III (complete rupture of the muscle). Your calf muscles (also known as the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles) simultaneously act as the gas and brake pedal on a run. This can be caused by a sudden, abrupt movement or as a result of over use. A muscle strain is an injury to a muscle or a tendon — the fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bones. Compression.Wrap the lower leg in an elastic bandage to reduce swelling and provide support for weakened muscles. A splint or boot also serves to protect the injury. Bruising and swelling in the calf area will often develop over the next 24-36 hours. Ice.Apply ice to the calf muscle for 10 to 20 minutes at a time once every hour or as often as possible. You should increase the length of time you hold your position by 5 seconds every week. Depending on the severity of the calf tear, the injury could take up to 6 weeks to heal. This can cause chronic pain in the area, or render it more likely for future tearing as the fibrotic scar tissue absorbs forces differently than regular healthy muscle tissue. Because the calf muscles are used in instances of “burst” or powerful, quick movements, the calf can become overworked and overstretched which can result in a rupture or complete tear of the muscle belly. This helps to reduce swelling and pain in the muscles in the back of your leg in the first 72 hours. If you have suffered a moderate injury to your calf muscle (grade 2), you should expect healing to take 4 to 6 weeks. Immediately after suffering a calf tear, patients will walk with a painful limp. The injury makes it difficult to walk or bear any weight on that leg. When a strain happens, muscle fibers are torn to some degree. Hold the back of a chair and gently rise up on your toes. Why Is My Leg Cramping? Your “calf muscle” is … This is not intended to diagnose calf pain, only estimate the severity of a calf muscle tear. Night leg cramps (also called nocturnal leg cramps or “charley horses”) mostly happen in the calf muscles. These… Immobilize the ankle in a neutral position. According to the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, injury to your calf muscles can be prevented by avoiding over-straining your calf muscles. In fact, calf strains are sometimes referred to as “Tennis Leg.” Most cases of pulled, torn, or strained calves occur in the gastrocnemius which joins the ankle and knee. After a few days of icing the muscle strain in your calf, you should replace the ice pack with a heating pad. A sudden change of direction, explosive movement or increase in speed can result in the calf muscles becoming torn or strained. According to the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, the P.R.I.C.E. DrugsCom. An injury to this muscle is sometimes called “tennis leg.” How to say it. This method involves: 1. According to doctors from the Boston Sports Medicine & Research Institute, you should not stretch the calf muscles in the first three weeks of recovery. The typical location of this injury is where the muscle belly attaches to the fascia (musculotendinous junctions) of the Achilles tendon. The calf muscle is actually composed of up to 9 separate muscles, any of which can be injured individually or together. As the pulled calf muscle heals, a warm heating pad, exercises, and stretching can all help to speed up the healing process. A calf muscle strain occurs when the muscle fibers in the calf tear either partially or … Refrain from exercise, sports or other strenuous activitiesand rest the leg as much as possible. Calf muscle tears occur higher up where the muscle belly attaches to the fascia (musculotendinous junction). 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